Category Archives: Complexity Thinking

3 proven time management techniques for leaders

Time management is one of the most common themes in my coaching conversations with CEOs and other leaders: there’s just not enough time in their diary and day to get everything done. It’s a challenge for any leader but it’s particularly acute for leaders in the high-growth businesses that I work with, as they realise that they can’t scale at the same rate as their business. 

Here’s three tried and tested techniques to help you manage your time and diary better. Experimenting with these approaches will likely, at the same time, reveal some deeper, psychological truths about what drives you and your behaviour.

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A Deliberately Developmental Experiment

When the founders at Future Arc approached me to develop a business-wide coaching programme, they were clear they wanted to do something different. It felt right that a disruptive company that puts talent development at the heart of its organisation should embrace a new approach to developing its people. Fascinated by how we can build organisations and develop individuals for the future, and already drawing on Robert Kegan and colleagues’ work on adult development in my coaching practice, I introduced them to the concept of the Deliberately Developmental Organization (DDO).

A DDO is organized around the deceptively simple but radical conviction that organizations will best prosper when they are deeply aligned with people’s strongest motive, which is to grow. Deep alignment, it turns out, requires something more than making “a big commitment to our people’s growth,” admirable as that may be, even when such a commitment is followed up with significant investments in people’s ongoing learning on the job. It means something more than consigning “people development” to punctuated moments outside the flow of day-to-day work, such as standapart trainings, high-potential leadership development programs, executive coaching, corporate universities, or once-a-year retreats. Deep alignment with people’s motive to grow means fashioning an organizational culture in which support to people’s ongoing development is woven into the daily fabric of working life, visible in the company’s regular operations, day to-day routines, and conversations.

The Deliberately Developmental Organization
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Four Vertical leadership skills to help you thrive in a VUCA world

You’ve heard it already, we live in Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous (VUCA) world. But what does that mean for you as a leader? We’ll explore how traditional horizontal approaches to leadership, which focus on understanding the job to be done and the capabilities required to do it, fall short. In a VUCA world, we need to expand our capacity for leadership. To do so requires the development of vertical skills, to help make sense of the complexity that surrounds us and construct meaning within that complexity.

Drawing on the book Upgrade: Building your capacity for complexity, by Richard Boston and Karen Ellis, we’ll link VUCA with the four leadership capacities they identify that underpin vertical skills:

  1. Sensemaking – Observing, understanding and processing the complexity of a situation e.g. getting your head around all the different interconnected topics, data, issues or causal relationships.
  2. Perspective-shifting – ‘Zooming out’ to benefit from a more realistic and multifaceted understanding of a situation or relationship e.g. understanding the perspectives and agendas of the various stakeholders.
  3. Self-relating – Observing, understanding, regulating and transforming yourself e.g. making sense of your own reactions, thoughts and feelings.
  4. Opposable Thinking – Responding to the dilemmas and conflicting ideas that can create tensions within us and / or between us and other people e.g. working with opposing views.
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Using the Cynefin framework to become a better leader in a complex world

There’s no shortage of “how to” advice, playbooks, formulas and even secrets and guarantees for success (at least that’s what the gurus will have you believe). This can work well in complicated situations. But high growth technology businesses are not complicated, they’re complex. That requires a different approach to leadership, explored here through the lens of the Cynefin sensemaking tool.

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Beware the Illusion of Certainty

We like to think that our lives are ordered, predictable and subject to a great deal of control. The past is finite; we see only one outcome. We attach causality and narrative to it so that it makes sense. We roll our ability to make sense of the past over into the future, which is infinite; there are many outcomes, as yet unknown and unknowable. Randomness, chance, and luck influence us far more than we realize. Certainty is an illusion. Uncertainty is everywhere.

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